The Functional Movement Screen (FMS)
is a system used to document an individual’s movement patterns that are essential for normal function. The system consists of seven different movements that require both balance and stability. Based on a person’s performance, their movements are given a point value from zero to three. The overall score is often used to determine areas that may be more prone to injury, to identify problems with a person’s movement
, and track progress during treatment. Specific exercises are then linked to areas that need improvement to build strength and restore proper movement. It is a streamlined system that simplifies the concept of movement and the impact of movement on the body.
It’s a great tool for athletes, but the system provides benefits for all healthy individuals who are active, and for healthy individuals who are inactive and desire to increase their physical activity. Generally, it is used for people who do not have pain or injury.
What Is The Functional Movement Screen?
The screening consists of seven movement patterns that are performed by an individual and witnessed by a certified FMS practitioner. Three movement patterns are used to help determine a person’s functional movement. These movements are a deep squat, a hurdle step, and an in-line lunge. Two patterns help determine fundamental mobility and include a shoulder mobility test and an active straight leg raise. Finally, there are two patterns that help determine fundamental core stability. These are the trunk stability push-up and a rotary stability test.
A score from zero to three is applies to each movement pattern based on what is seen by the practitioner and felt by the patient. The scoring system is:
- 0 = Pain During Movement
- 1 = Failed Movement Pattern
- 2 = Passed But With Some Compensations
- 3 = Passed With No Compensations.
There is a possible 21 points with an average score ranging from 13-15. The scoring depends on age fitness level. The score will provide the practitioner with the knowledge of where problems exist and at what level the person is able to complete exercises to correct them.
What Are The Benefits Of A Functional Movement Screen?
A functional movement screen is beneficial because it provides a number of important benefits for everyone involved. The primary benefits include:
- Injury Prevention: FMS helps to see where there are movement dysfunctions that could lead to injury.
- Pain Identification: The FMS is not meant to provide the exact reason why there is a faulty movement pattern. However, the experience of pain while completing a movement pattern helps identify that there is a problem. The practitioner can then investigate to determine a diagnosis, and provide a treatment program to correct it before it becomes worse.
- Repeatable: The FMS can be done again and again to track a person’s progress as they undergo treatment. And over time, regular testing can help identify issues early should any arise.
- Corrective Exercise: FMS is not limited to identifying dysfunctional movements, but it is able to help correct issues. It is a screening system, but it is also connected to specific corrective exercises that assist in correcting problems.
What If A Movement Issue Is Discovered?
If it is determined based on your score that there is a movement issue, treatment can involve a number of different activities and exercises
. Even if you passed a movement pattern but felt it was challenging and additional correction is needed, you can still complete exercises to help strengthen your movement in that area. The corrective exercises may include squats, strides, hip flexors, trunk rotation, hamstring and other stretches, and push-ups. It’s important to know exactly how to perform the exercises prescribed by a practitioner, and it is wise to complete the exercises in front of them before completing them on your own.
Why Accelerate Chiropractic?
At Accelerate Chiropractic
, we are able to effectively diagnose, educate you on the issue, and successfully treat the underlying cause of your pain by using Functional Movement Screening. We are dedicated to preventing injury, eliminating your pain, and restoring your mobility for improved quality of life.
Dr. Dave Yancey and Dr. Erika Yancey understand the conditions that can be revealed by Functional Movement Screening, and they are passionate about your care. Learn about our experience
and contact us
today to schedule your personalized consultation. It’s time to reclaim the freedom that comes with mobility and comfort through Accelerate Chiropractic’s care.